Democratic Congressman Joaquin Castro claimed the U.S. economy would be hurt if the Trump administration eliminated an immigration protection mostly benefitting Central Americans.
The U.S. government routinely reviews whether to extend or terminate a country’s Temporary Protected Status designation, applied to countries with ongoing armed conflict, natural disasters, epidemics and other extraordinary, temporary conditions preventing the safe return of their nationals.
Opponents of this status argue that while the protection is intended to be temporary, some designations are continually renewed, allowing some recipients to stay in the country for many years. But Castro said ending it would come at a real cost of lost workers.
The Texas representative’s tweet is based on a report from a left-leaning organization whose calculation included immigrants’ potential lost earnings and industry chain reactions. Another group’s estimates, without industry output calculations, found a lower GDP loss of $45.2 billion.
Castro’s office told us his claim stemmed from an October report from the Center for American Progress, a liberal public policy research and advocacy organization.
The group supports the designation, which is currently in effect for 10 countries: El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
Immigrants living in the United States illegally as well as people on a valid nonimmigrant visa may apply for Temporary Protected Status if they meet certain criteria. It allows them to get work permits and avoid deportation, but does not lead to lawful permanent resident status.
The center focused on GDP losses tied to recipients from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti, the countries with the most beneficiaries. TPS holders from those three countries “are employed at high rates,” and are “key contributors” to the industries of construction, restaurant and other food services, landscaping services, child care, and grocery stores, the report said.
The group’s analysis is based on estimates from the Center for Migration Studies of New York of about 302,000 TPS beneficiaries from those three countries (estimated using recent census data).
If an estimated 244,200 beneficiaries from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti are removed from the workforce, the United States would lose $164 billion in GDP over the next decade, the Center for American Progress report said.
The calculation derives from a broader, separate study in which researchers multiplied the number of employed TPS recipients with the losses associated with each unauthorized worker.
The only other estimate of the potential consequence of ending this program that we could find was even more conservative.
An April report from the Immigrant Legal Resource Center estimated a much lower GDP loss over a decade — $45.2 billion — without the wages of an estimated 190,000 TPS individuals from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti.
Nicole Svajlenka, coauthor of the Center for American Progress analysis, said her team’s numbers are much higher because they considered “all that goes into a GDP, which is beyond earnings.
“We take into account workers’ educational attainment, nativity, and work experience as well as the industry composition to determine what would change if that worker was removed,” Svajlenka said. “Basically, we’re simulating some chain reactions — without these workers, some industries would shrink, other workers would shift, etc.”
Several researchers we reached out to said they had not done their own, independent analysis on this issue, but did not challenge the Center for American Progress’ findings.
Castro accurately cited GDP loss reported by the left-leaning Center for American Progress. But at least one other report pegged a GDP loss three times as small, $45.2 billion. The report Castro used calculated lost earnings and impact on industries, the other report only looked at lost wages.
We rate Castro’s claim Half True.
“Ending (Temporary Protected Status) and deporting legal workers would cost the United States $164 billion in GDP over a decade.”
— Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-Texas, on Wednesday, Nov. 1, 2017 in a tweet