You have reached your limit of free articles this month.

Enjoy unlimited access to myAJC.com

Starting at just 99¢ for 8 weeks.

GREAT REASONS TO SUBSCRIBE TODAY!

  • IN-DEPTH REPORTING
  • INTERACTIVE STORYTELLING
  • NEW TOPICS & COVERAGE
  • ePAPER
X

You have read of premium articles.

Get unlimited access to all of our breaking news, in-depth coverage and bonus content- exclusively for subscribers. Starting at just 99¢ for 8 weeks

X

Welcome to myAJC.com

This subscriber-only site gives you exclusive access to breaking news, in-depth coverage, exclusive interactives and bonus content.

You can read free articles of your choice a month that are only available on myAJC.com.

How would e-filing affect public access to court records? Jury is out


Lawmakers appear poised to have Georgia join a growing number of states with mandatory e-filing systems, in which lawyers can submit lawsuits and court motions with a click of a mouse on their computers.

But First Amendment advocates are expressing concern that the new system could diminish the public’s access to court records and allow clerks and private vendors to gouge users for copies and downloads of documents. Court clerks disagree, saying the public will have just as much access as it has now.

House Bill 15, which passed 168-5 in the House, cleared the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday. It would mandate e-filing in civil cases at the start of next year in all Superior and State Courts. Only Fulton and DeKalb counties already have mandatory e-filing systems.

“Its time has come,” said Rep. Wendell Willard, R-Sandy Springs, the bill’s chief sponsor. “The benefit will be a lot easier access for those of us who practice law. We’ll no longer have to drive down to the courthouse to file our documents or pay couriers to do it. We’re at a point in time where the technology is there to make this happen.”

Ideally, Georgia would have the same e-filing system — like the one used in all federal courts — in every court clerk’s office, Willard said. But because the state is unwilling to bear that cost, the bill calls for a piecemeal arrangement, allowing each county to choose its own system from the few private vendors available.

Under HB 15, pro se plaintiffs — people who represent themselves because they can’t afford a lawyer — will not be charged fees that lawyers must pay when filing lawsuits and motions on behalf of their clients.

Otherwise, the legislation sets the cost of each e-filed transaction at no more than $7. But it does not specify what people must pay to access and copy those records, said Hollie Manheimer, executive director of the Georgia First Amendment Foundation.

“Without any limits in place, individual clerks and private e-filing vendors could charge the public exorbitant fees simply to access public court documents,” Manheimer wrote in a letter last week to the Senate Judiciary Committee. (The Atlanta Journal-Constitution’s deputy managing editor, Shawn McIntosh, is the foundation’s president, and AJC senior editor/investigations Ken Foskett sits on its board.)

Mike Holiman, a lobbyist for the Superior Court Clerks’ Association, said this will not happen. Clerks are now supposed to charge 50 cents a page for copies of court documents, and that will continue to be the case under the new legislation, he said.

The simplest way to avoid problems is to ensure that court documents can be accessed at no charge on a public terminal at the courthouse, Manheimer said. But there is no such provision in HB 15 requiring public access computers.

Manheimer also noted the legislation says an e-filed court document will not be subject to public disclosure “until it has been physically accepted by the clerk.” This could delay the release of public records “anywhere from a few hours to several days,” she said.

That’s unlikely, said Forsyth County Superior Court Clerk Greg Allen. Under the paper system, it’s not unusual for a clerk to reject a suit because it was mistakenly filed in the wrong court, Allen said. But with e-filing, it should take “hours, if not minutes,” to make documents available after they’ve been filed, he predicted.

Holiman agreed. “They’re going to be available as quickly or more quickly than they are now,” he said. “Clerks are about providing access to records.”

First Amendment lawyer Peter Canfield said the legislation wrongly turns the dissemination of public records into “a money-making opportunity for clerks and private vendors.”

“The law should make it easy to see court records,” said Canfield, who represents Courthouse News Service, which provides summaries of lawsuits filed in courts nationwide. “This bill would make it difficult and expensive.”

An amendment approved by the Senate committee on Thursday says none of the fees charged for e-filing can be funneled to a clerk or the clerks’ cooperative authority.

More than 20 states and the federal courts have mandatory e-filing systems, said Jim McMillen, a technology consultant for the National Center for State Courts.

“Courts that have embraced e-filing have recognized this fact and have provided faster, easier and less costly service to the public and attorneys,” he said. “Now some might argue that e-filing fees add cost, but there have been many studies that show that the time and cost to produce and transport paper documents is three to five times more costly. Once the legal system uses e-filing, they don’t want to go back to the old paper.”

Willard said he is aware of the concerns expressed by First Amendment advocates. “If there does turn out to be a problem,” he said, “I’ll take a look at it when the Legislature comes back next year.”



Reader Comments ...


Next Up in Local

Mom writes school, says daughter is ‘done with homework’
Mom writes school, says daughter is ‘done with homework’

We know what you’re thinking: Where was this mom when we had stacks of homework to do as kids? >> Read more trending news Bunmi Laditan, a mother, author and blogger, sent an email to her 10-year-old daughter’s school, WJW reported, telling officials that “my kid is done with homework.” Laditan told teachers she is...
At Issue: How are you coping with I-85 collapse’s effect on traffic?
At Issue: How are you coping with I-85 collapse’s effect on traffic?

It’s been a month since the collapse of a portion of Interstate 85. Even if you’ve never had the pleasure of traveling on that stretch of highway, the interruption of service has affected just about everyone in metro Atlanta. If I-285 was your normal route, you’ve found that thousands more commuters have joined you. Motorists may...
Sunday Conversation with Nick Hagelin

You may know Nick Hagelin — or more precisely, may have heard Nick Hagelin — from his impressive 2016 run on “The Voice.” The Atlanta singer/songwriter was eliminated from the competition just before the semi-finals but not before introducing audiences to his 6-year-old son, Bash, who has a rare genetic disorder and a story...
Community Voices: International golf comes to Cumming
Community Voices: International golf comes to Cumming

With the annual blooming of azaleas and dogwoods, springtime brings the inevitable arrival of the planet’s top professional golfers as they head to Augusta for the season’s first major golf tournament – The Masters. On the Wednesday before Masters Week, The Olde Atlanta Golf Club in South Forsyth was abuzz with news that the number...
A fast track to riches; harm in their wake
A fast track to riches; harm in their wake

Beny Mesika and Wes Houser had little in their backgrounds besides criminal convictions and failed businesses, but their fortunes turned when they began concocting dietary supplements. Within five years, they were awash in cash as they blended and bottled products promising a shortcut to size, strength and muscle from their warehouses in the northern...
More Stories